Monday, April 6, 2015

Eastern, Western and Naval: Union and Confederate Victories

   As the Civil war is very well known, it is important that as the lessons about it are taught we understand how each battle was fought and who the victors were. So, to better understand it, our class decided to make it an adventure. We each were assigned a specific battle and were asked to do research on it. Then we posted the battles around the school with QR codes and would run around and scan them. The information on each was transferred to our notes. The main concerns we had were the trends in the victories and we made a padlet to show that. Our class discussed the trends and we each had different opinions on which army won in either the West, East or Naval theater. The examples we used were different. But the battles themselves told the story of the Civil war victories.

In the Eastern theater, the Confederates dominated the victories and this is manly due to position during the battles.  Each battle brought an opportunity for the confederacy to take the Union by surprise. Such as the battle of Chancellorsville, were the confederates took the Union by surprise. And in the battle of Bull run, in which the Confederates responded to the Union Army with more than 28,000 men. This was the largest number of soldiers in the entire war and was quickly one of the largest battles.
   In the Western theater, the Union held the upper hand. The count for the soldiers was much higher due to the higher population count. Most of the battles the Union won were due to the amount of soldiers they had and their abilities to stay together in a battle. As in the battle of Pittsburg Landing, where the confederates counterattacked several times but the Union was able to hold strong and keep the lines up. And Chattanooga Campaign, the foothold the Union gained allowed them to fight their way out. The Confederates eventually retreated.
   And, finally, the Naval theater held the victories of the Union. This is mainly because of the developed naval command before the war and the more supplies they were able to get. The battle of Fort Henry tells of an almost easy victory for the Union. The soldiers outnumbered the Confederates, the location was poor and much of the guns did not have ammunition. And in the battle of Fort Donelson, the fleet was moved up and put pressure on the Confederates. But the general of the Confederates made a mistake, instead of retreating, he push the soldiers back to their entrenchments. This made the Union almost inevitable and they were able to fire on the fort. This allowed them to gain back ground that had been lost. 

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